India on Thursday said several of its concerns, including voluntary pledges of nations on climate change, have not been incorporated in the new draft which “is the starting point for the final push” as negotiators raced against time to reach an accord to fight global warming.
India is sticking to its stance that the goal of capping global warming at 1.5 degree Celsius from pre-industrial times will require developed countries to “massively” reduce their emissions and “scale up” the financial support to developing countries.”I must stress that the concept of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) is a great innovation and has proved a game-changer. It has enabled the participation of over 186 countries. Yet, INDCs are not even mentioned in the draft,” India’s Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said.
President Barack Obama spoke to Prime Minister Narendra Modi over phone on Wednesday as differences persist between developed and developing countries on the Paris draft.
New Delhi has termed as “disappointing” the issue of finance, saying while developed countries failed to fulfil their obligations, they are also trying to “shift” their responsibility to developing nations.
“On finance, it is deeply disappointing that on the one hand developed countries are not fulfilling their obligations and on the other hand, they are trying to shift their responsibilities to developing countries themselves. There is no indication of scaling up of finance nor a clear roadmap,” Javadekar said during a negotiating session in Paris.
The first draft of the Paris Outcome, prepared after two days of high-level ministerial deliberations, was released by French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius yesterday at the crucial climate change conference scheduled to end tomorrow.
The draft negotiating text is now of 29 pages down from a 43-page version and was circulated to all the negotiating countries.
India has said a durable agreement at Paris “cannot” be crafted by “diluting” historical responsibilities or by putting the “polluters” and the “victims” at the same level.
Describing the latest draft as the “starting point for the final push”, Javadekar said there were many “points of departure” at this stage of negotiations and much work is need to reach a point of convergence.