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India Makes UN Climate Pledge Conditional On Western Funding

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Vishwa Mohan, Times of India

India on Thursday submitted its ‘climate action plan’ to a UN body at Bonn in Germany, telling the world that the country would fight the climate change by taking energy efficiency route and reducing its ’emission intensity’ (carbon emission per unit of GDP) substantially as well as increasing the share of clean energy by huge 40% in its total energy mix by the year 2030.

The country, however, clarified that “India’s INDC do not bind it to any sector specific mitigation obligation or action, including in agriculture sector” and said its successful implementation would depend on cooperation from the developed countries.

It said, “India’s goal is to reduce overall emission intensity and improve energy efficiency of its economy over time and at the same time protecting the vulnerable sectors of economy and segments of our society.

“The successful implementation of INDC is contingent upon an ambitious global agreement including additional means of implementation to be provided by developed country parties, technology transfer and capacity building”.

India in its plan also emphasised on propagating “a healthy and sustainable way of living based on traditions and values of conservation and moderation”.

It also promised that the country would increase the carbon sink by creating an additional capacity of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.

The ‘Climate Action Plan’ of individual country is called the ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contribution’ (INDC) in climate change negotiation parlance. Besides India, 147 other countries have so far submitted their respective INDCs to the United Nations Framework Convention of the Climate Change (UNFCCC).

In its 38-page INDC, India explained that it would reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35% by 2030 from 2005 level and sought cooperation from the developed world to achieve about 40% cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030. The non-fossil fuel based energy includes solar, wind, bio-mass and nuclear.

It said this target would be achieved with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance including from Green Climate Fund (GCF).

By submitting its plan to the INDC, India met the ‘informal’ deadline of submitting it to the UNFCCC on October 1 (Thursday).

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