Asian governments are stepping up their support for coal-fired power plants, handing a lifeline worth $64 billion a year to an industry struggling to maintain investment from private investors.
The finding from four research organizations contrasts with pledges by the Group of 20 nations to rein in greenhouse gases and wean the world off the most polluting fossil fuel. China, India and Japan were responsible for the biggest proportion of that spending.
The report released in advance of the G20’s annual summit in Osaka, Japan, underscores the importance of government-backed development banks and export credit agencies, which were major conduits for the increased financing. Their backing for coal explains why more plants are being built even as commercial banks and utilities have scaled back investment.
“It has now been 10 years since the G20 committed to phasing out subsidies for fossil fuels, yet astonishingly some governments are actually increasing the amount they give to coal power,” said Ipek Gencsu, lead author of the report and a researcher at the Overseas Development Institute, a charity backed by the U.K. government.
While funds for coal production dropped, finance for coal power almost tripled to $47 billion compared with 2013 and 2014. Countries providing the biggest levels of support for coal in 2016 and 2017 were China at $19 billion a year on average, India at $17.9 billion and Japan at $5.2 billion, Gencsu said.
About half of the funding from China came from international public finance, the ODI found. Both the Export-Import Bank of China and the Japan Bank for International Cooperation provided money for coal projects in Indonesia.