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Weather-Proof Indian Agriculture: Foodgrain Production Up Despite Drought

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Vishwa Mohan | TNN | Feb 14, 2016, 09.42 PM IST Vishwa Mohan | TNN | Feb 14, 2016, 09.42 PM IST Vishwa Mohan, The Times of India

NEW DELHI: India’s foodgrain production in 2015-16 crop year (July-June) is estimated to be 253.16 million tonnes (MT) – marginally higher than the overall production in the year 2014-15.

Second advance estimate of the country’s foodgrain production in 2015-16, which is to be released by the agriculture ministry this week, signals that the better output of Rabi (winter) crops – mainly wheat and pulses – may offset the deficit recorded in Kharif (summer) crops.

The estimate notes that the foodgrain production during 2015-16 will be 253.16 MT as compared to 252.02 MT in 2014-15. Slightly better output is attributed to contingency measures and promotions of better crop varieties during the Rabi season. […]

Last years, farmers in many northern states lost their standing Rabi crops – mainly wheat and mustard – due to unseasonal rains and hailstorm between February-April, 2015. It had impacted the overall foodgrain production in 2014-15 which was much lower than the record production of 265.04 MT in the 2013-14.

Unlike the normal Monsoon year of 2013-14, both 2014-15 and 2015-16 faced drought. The situation was severe during 2015-16 which recorded rainfall deficit of 14% as compared to 12% during 2014-15.

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