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World Malaria Day: Global Malaria deaths have fallen by half

Max Roser and Hannah Ritchie, Our World in Data

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), global deaths from Malaria have been cut in half in the last two decades: from an estimated 839,000 deaths in 2000 to 435 000 deaths 2017.

Deaths Due to Malaria

In the visualisations below we provide estimates of the total number of deaths from the World Health Organization (WHO) from 2000 to 2015, and the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), Global Burden of Disease (GBD) from 1990 to 2016. These estimates are notably different across various countries which affects the total number of reported deaths. IHME figures, as shown below, tend to be higher; they report deaths greater than 720,000 in 2015 versus only 438,000 from the WHO. Further information on the confidence intervals of WHO estimates, and a country-level comparison between these two sources is covered in our section on Data Quality & Definitions.

Malaria death estimates from WHO

Since the beginning of the 21st century, the WHO has published global estimates of the number of people that die from malaria. In these 15 years the global death toll has been cut in half: from 839,000 deaths in 2000 to 438,000 in 2015. [WHO Malaria Report 2018: In 2017, there were an estimated 435 000 deaths from malaria globally].

Africa is the world region that is most affected by malaria: In 2015, the African continent held 9 out of 10 malaria victims (click on ‘Expand’ to see this). But Africa is also the world region that has achieved most progress: from 2000 to 2015, African deaths from malaria were reduced from 764,000 to 395,000.

Download this visualization as a static image.

Global malaria deaths by world region

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